Measures

 

Measures taken by Bangladesh Govt. on Delta

The living conditions within Bangladesh delta needs to be improved through better water management and governance. However, to optimize short term interventions and investment, it is necessary to develop integrated and long-term vision. To achieve long term sustainable development adaptive water governance is required based on long term analysis and scenarios through integration of relevant policy sectors and creation of adequate institutional arrangements and capacity.

The Government of Bangladesh has commissioned preparation of the Bangladesh Delta Plan (BDP) to achieve ‘Delta Vision’ through implementing a holistic, long term (50 to 100 years) integrated strategy and plan. This Delta Plan will create a vision or grand design of the future in 2100. Based on that vision, it will be possible to define short term ‘no regret’ measures and actions leading from the present day situation to the desired future (Report on Preparations for the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2012). This will be a dynamic and continuous planning process to achieve the national development goals.

Initiative taken by BWP and Partners

The Government of Bangladesh has formulated policies for many sectors like water, agriculture, land-use, fishery, forestry etc and is implementing these. Many plans e.g. First Perspective Plan (25 Year Plan), Five Year Plans, National Water Management Plan have been prepared and partly implemented. However, the sector plans and programs could not be implemented fully and in an integrated manner because some implementing agencies have narrowly focused mandates and financial constraint. The development culture could not be transformed from a project approach to a program approach. Moreover, the stakeholders’ involvement in the preparation and implementation of these plans is either absent or very minimal. Institutional reform and inter-sectoral coordination is, therefore, a priority challenge in the successful development and implementation of the BDP. An emergent planning approach is proposed, where a planning track runs parallel to an implementation track. The joint and coordinated action by agencies under the whole policy network is prerequisite for success. The challenge is to develop the plan under changing social, political and financial conditions with broad stakeholder involvement.

In this connection, the stakeholders’ workshop organized by BWP, identified some issues that are of prime importance for the successful preparation of the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 as well as its effective management of water resources. These issues are:

  • Regional cooperation for effective formulation of a plan for development of water resources taking into consideration of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basins as an unit
  • Formulation of policy, strategy and plan for the preparation of the Bangladesh Delta Plan(BDP) as well as the institutional arrangements for its implementation
  • Achieving inter agencies coordination and stakeholders’ participation during phases of the formulation of policy, strategy, plan as well as the implementation of the BDP
  • Investment arrangement for implementing different components of the BDP
  • Innovative financing for the implementation of the BDP
  • Capacity building of the implementing agencies for dynamic planning, implementation as well as monitoring and evaluation of the BDP
  • Networking with the research institutions working on the issues of the world Deltas including Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basins for the knowledge development and sharing